Feasibility of white-rot fungi for biodegradation of PCP-treated ammunition boxes

Cover of: Feasibility of white-rot fungi for biodegradation of PCP-treated ammunition boxes |

Published by US Army Corps of Engineers, Construction Engineering Research Laboratories, National Technical Information Service, distributor in [Champaign, IL], [Springfield, VA .

Written in English

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  • Fungi -- Biodegradation,
  • Wood preservatives

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Book details

Other titlesFeasibility of white rot fungi for biodegradation of PCP-treated ammunition boxes.
Statementby Richard J. Scholze ... [et al.].
SeriesUSACERL technical report -- EP-95/03.
ContributionsScholze, R. J., Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (U.S.)
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17008521M

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This research investigated the use of white-rot fungi to biodegrade PCP-treated wood. Results showed that white-rot fungi effectively decreased the PCP concentration. @article{osti_, title = {Feasibility of white-rot fungi for biodegradation of PCP-treated ammunition boxes.

Final report}, author = {Scholze, R J and Lamar, R T and Bolduc, J and Dietrich, D}, abstractNote = {Millions of pounds of wood ammunition boxes treated with the wood preservative pentachiorophenol (PCP) are being stockpiled at military installations, primarily depots, because cost.

the field7 and in wood chips from PCP-treated ammunition boxes.8 The combined ability to degrade wood and PCP makes these or-ganisms attractive candidates for use in destroying PCP-treated wood products.

The white-rot fungus Trametes hirsuta has been shown to cause extensive depletion of PCP in treated wood8 and large dry. Get this from a library. Feasibility of white-rot fungi for biodegradation of PCP-treated ammunition boxes.

[R J Scholze; Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (U.S.);]. The ligninolytic enzymes of white-rot fungi have a broad substrate specificity and have been implicated in the transformation and mineralization of organopollutants with structural similarities to lignin.

This review presents evidence for the involvement of these enzymes in white-rot fungal degradation of munitions waste, pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, bleach plant effluent, synthetic dyes, synthetic polymers, and wood by: The ligninolytic enzymes of white-rot fungi have a broad substrate specificity and have been implicated in the transformation and mineralization of organopollutants with structural similarities to by: Feasibility of Bioremediation by White-Rot Fungi Article Literature Review (PDF Available) in Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 57() November with 3, Reads.

the order Speriales also cause white-rot wood decay. It is white-rot fungi that have been most intensively studied for bioremediation, and it is their Iignin-degrading system that seems to be important in such applications.

Figure 1 shows the hyphae of the most studied white-rot fungus, Pheanerochaete chrysosporium,growing in cells of aspen wood. White-rot fungi have evolved to produce a very powerful and nonspecific bank of enzymes called ligninases that degradelignin(8).Thefree-radicalnatureofligninasesallows such fungi to decompose a wide spectrum of persistent organicpollutantssuchasDDT,TNT,pyrenes,PCBs,dioxins, and many others.

The finding that white-rot fungi can degrade phenolic resins is a significant discovery that provides new understanding of the mechanism of their degradation. The ability of white-rot fungi to create easily recoverable by-products from PR in a short period of time could be incorporated into a large-scale PR recycling process.

Phenolic resins, phenol−formaldehyde polymers previously thought to be nonbiodegradable, are produced at an annual rate of million metric tons in the United States for many industrial and commercial applications.

Three independent lines of evidence established their biodegrad ability with the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chryso- by: Aust SD () Biodegradation of agrochemicals by white rot fungi.

In: Hattori T, Maruyama Y, Uchida A, Ishida Y, Morita R (eds) Recent advances in microbial ecology, 5th international symposium of microbial ecology, Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo, pp – Google ScholarCited by: 6.

Biodegradation of lindane (γ-hexachlorocyclohexane) by the white-rot fungus Trametes hirsutus B. Singh, R. Kuhad Letters in Applied Microbiology 28 (3), Adejoye and Fasidi ().

“Fungal biodegradation,” BioResources 4(2), BIODEGRADATION OF AGRO-WASTES BY SOME NIGERIAN WHITE-ROT FUNGI Oluseyi Damilola Adejoye a* and Isola.

Fasidi b Three white-rot fungi: Daedalea elegans, Polyporus giganteus, and Lenzites betulina were screened for their lignin degrading abilities on rice.

Biodegradation by white-rot fungi inoculated into soil Preliminary evaluation of the effects of different carbon sources on the mineralization of contami- nants by white-rot fungi was performed using con- taminant concentrations of 10 /Cited by: Biodegradation of γ-hexachlorocyclohexane (Lindane) by a non-white rot fungus conidiobolus isolated from litter.

Indian Journal of Microbiology, Vol. 48, Issue. 1, p. Indian Journal of Microbiology, Vol. 48, Issue. 1, p. White-rot fungi degrade lignin leaving decayed wood whitish in color and fibrous in texture.

Some white-rot fungi such as C. subvermispora, Phellinus pini, Phlebia spp., and Pleurotus spp. delignify wood by preferentially attacking lignin more readily than hemicellulose and cellulose, leaving enriched cellulose.

Assessing the ability of white-rot fungi to tolerate polychlorinated biphenyls using predictive mycology Marcela Alejandra Sadañoski a, Juan Ernesto Velázquez, María Isabel Fonseca, Pedro Darío Zapata, Laura Noemí Levinb and Laura Lidia Villalbaa aLaboratorio de Biotecnología Molecular, Instituto de Biotecnología Misiones, CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Químicas y Naturales,Cited by: 1.

White Rot Fungi: Evidence of Enzyme-mediated Degradation of Xenobiotic Compounds. The application of fungi for the cleanup of contaminated soil first came to attention in the mids when the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium was shown to metabolize a range of organic environmental contaminants [25, 26].Later, this ability was demonstrated for other white rot fungi, Cited by: BIOMODIFICATION OF KENAF USING WHITE ROT FUNGI.

Rasmina Halis, a, * Hui Rus Tan, a Zaidon Ashaari, a and Rozi Mohamed b. White rot fungi can be used as a pretreatment of biomass to degrade lignin. It also alters the structure of the lignocellulosic matter, thus increasing its accessibility to enzymes able to convert polysaccharides into simple.

Buy Biodegradation of Agricultural Waste by White Rot Fungus: Role of Whiterot Fungi in the Biodegradation of Agricultural waste and its Application for Disease Management by Masanam, Theradimani, Selvaraj, Thangeshwari (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store.

Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders.5/5(1). Thomas Canam Department of Biological Sciences, Eastern Illinois University, Lincoln Avenue, Charleston, ILUSA, Tim J Dumonceaux Saskatoon Research Centre, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Science Place, Saskatoon, SK S7N0X2, Canada, Eric Record UMR Biotechnology of Filamentous Fungi, National Institute for Agricultural Research, Aix-Marseille Université, Polytech Cited by: 3.

A Systemic Fungicide for the Suppression and Control of Phytophthora, Pythium and Downy Mildew The requirements in this box only apply to uses of this product that are covered by the WPS.

Do not enter or allow worker entry into treated areas during the REI of 4 Size: KB. @article{osti_, title = {Biodegradation of hazardous waste using white rot fungus: Project planning and concept development document}, author = {Luey, J and Brouns, T M and Elliott, M L}, abstractNote = {The white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium has been shown to effectively degrade pollutants such as trichlorophenol, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins and other Cited by: 1.

Growth of White Rot Fungi in Composites Produced from Urban Plastic Waste and Wood. André Luis Catto this research, PP (polypropylene) and EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate). Thus, this study aims to evaluate the potential for biodegradation of wood plastic composites (WPC) obtained through the use of post‐consumer bottle caps and wood flour Cited by: 4.

Aims: To investigate the relationship between soil water holding capacity (WHC) and biodegradation of polyester polyurethane (PU) and to quantify and identify the predominant degrading micro‐organisms in the biofilms on plastic buried in soil. Methods and Results: High numbers of both fungi and bacteria were recovered from biofilms on soil‐buried dumb‐bell‐shaped pieces of polyester Cited by: biodegradation of agro-wastes by some nigerian white-rot fungi Three white-rot fungi: Daedalea elegans, Polyporus giganteus, and Lenzites betulina were screened for their lignin degrading abilities on rice straw, maizecob, sawdust of Terminalia superba, and sugarcane bagasse at different time intervals (30, 60, and 90 days).Cited by: 3.

Wood Decay, Fungi, Stain and Mold New England Kiln Drying Association Spring Meeting April 7, Oneonta, New York Susan E. Anagnost SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry Syracuse, New York Chair and Associate Professor Department of Sustainable Construction Management and Engineering.

Now a new genomic analysis suggests why Earth significantly slowed its coal-making processes roughly million years ago—mushrooms evolved the ability to break down lignin.

“These white rot fungi are major decomposers of wood and the only organism that achieves substantial degradation of lignin,” explains mycologist David Hibbett of Clark University in Massachusetts, who.

White-rot fungus can grow in a wide temperature range. No growth is observed below 50 deg. F and no significant change in growth rate occurs between 86 and deg. It has been reported that optimal growth of white-rot fungus occurs at deg.

F, pH range of toand high oxygen content [1]. A Review of the Role of Fungi in Wood Decay of Forest Ecosystems Bruce G. Marcot Figure 3—Veined cup fungus, possibly Disciotis venosa, in forest litter and down wood fragments, in a Douglas-fir forest of the southern Washington Cascade Mountains.

This is one of several brown-colored cup : Bruce G. Marcot. Extensive biodegradation of pentachlorophenol (PCP) by the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium was demonstrated by the disappearance and mineralization of [14C]PCP in nutrient nitrogen-limited culture.

Mass balance analyses demonstrated the formation of water-soluble metabolites of [14C]PCP during degradation. Involvement of the lignin-degrading system of this fungus was. White Rot Fungi Slowed Coal Formation. The evolution of the ability to break down a plant's protective lignin largely stopped the geologic burial of Author: David Biello.

Synthetic polymers often pose environmental hazards due to low biodegradation rates and resulting accumulation. In this study, a selection of wood-rotting fungi representing different lignocellulose decay types was screened for oxidative biodegradation of the polymer polystyrene sulfonate (PSS).

Brown-rot basidiomycetes showed PSS depolymerisation of up to 50 % reduction in number-average Cited by: White rot fungi are essential in forest ecology and are deeply involved in wood decomposition and the biodegradation of various xenobiotics.

The fungal ligninolytic enzymes involved in these processes have recently become the focus of much attention for their possible biotechnological applications. Bioremediation is an important approach to waste reduction that relies on biological processes to break down a variety of pollutants.

This is made possible by the vast metabolic diversity of the microbial world. To explore this diversity for the breakdown of plastic, we screened several dozen endophytic fungi for their ability to degrade the synthetic polymer polyester polyurethane (PUR).Cited by: View White-rot Fungi Research Papers on for free.

The Kingdom Fungi contains heterotrophic organisms that digest their food before ingesting it by excreting e of their method of feeding, fungi are important in causing decay and decomposition, thus cycling nutrients through then are still not completely understood, but their importance to both ecosystems and humans.

Many fungi can cause root rots. Often, it is possible to identify which fungus is responsible either by observing the structure of the fungus in the roots using a microscope or by placing infected roots on artificial media or baits (apple, carrot, or potato pieces) and allowing the fungus to grow out where it can be detected and then identified.

Although all species of Armillaria are white rot fungi, the wood becomes yellow to brown in color; advanced decay appears yellow, water-soaked and stringy.

Thick mycelial fans form between wood and bark in infected trees and stumps, and large quantities of resin may flow from the tree base. Black to reddish brown rhizomorphs may be : Jessie A. Glaeser, Kevin T. Smith. Understanding how brown rot fungi degrade wood could lead to new tools for more efficient biofuel production.

Genome sequences of early-diverging fungi help track origins of white rot fungi. Though white rot fungi are known for their capabilities in breaking down components of plant cell walls, their gene families suggest they have the capability to degrade oil on a wide variety of.Finally, some diseases, such as Phytophthora aerial blight on vinca are rarely controlled with any fungicide treatment and cultural control methods must be used for these diseases.

Table 1. Summary of fungicide tests for control of Phytophthora and Pythium diseases on some ornamentals.

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